reply to Katlin

Topic 5 DQ 1 reply to Katlin

CAM stands for complementary or alternative medicine and is usually used to describe diverse products or practices that are outside of mainstream Western medical practice for promoting health and preventing or treating disease (Falvo, 2011). This can include treatments such as cupping, acupuncture, and chiropractic medicine. According to the NIH (2018), more than 30% of adults and about 12% of children use CAM—or health care approaches that are not typically part of conventional medical care or that may have origins outside of usual Western practice. Most people who use CAM also use conventional health care. There are 10 most common complementary health approaches among adults. These include natural products; deep breathing; yoga, tai chi, or qi gong; chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation; meditation; massage; special diets; homeopathy; progressive relaxation; and guided imagery (NIH, 2018).

References

Falvo, D.R. (2011). Effective Patient Education: A Guide to Increased Adherence. (4th ed.). http://gcumedia.com/digital-resources/jonesandbartlett/2010/effective-patient-education_-a-guide-to-increased-adherence_ebook_4e.php

NIH. (2018). Complementary, Alternative, or Integrative Health: What’s In a Name? https://www.nccih.nih.gov/health/complementary-alternative-or-integrative-health-whats-in-a-name

  Topic 5 DQ 2 Reply to Olabisi

Complementary or alternative therapies were once viewed by conventional health professionals as countercultural. Their study indicated that patients’ use of complementary and alternative therapies was much higher than previously believed. In a follow-up study, Eisenberg and colleagues (1998) found that 42% of adults were found to have used at least 277 one alternative therapy during the previous year, with a significantly higher proportion of patients who saw an alternative medicine practitioner in 1997 than in 1990. There are some indications that the rate of use of CAM is actually greater than most studies indicate (Lazar & O’Connor, 1997). As a generally increasing pattern of CAM use has been seen across a range of conditions, recognition of its impact on conventional, mainstream health care has generated significant interest from the conventional healthcare community (Falvo,2011). However, ‘Patients more likely to use complementary or alternative therapies have been found to be women, Caucasian, between the ages of 35 and 49, highly educated, and affluent’ ( Eisenberg, 2005).The assumption that use of CAM was more common in immigrants has also been dispelled, especially when known to be financially okay or educated. Although CAM use is prevalent in this group, use appears to be more preva-lent in immigrants who are better educated and in a higher socioeconomic status, not just in groups with limited financial means or limited healthcare access (Miller, 1990).

On the other hand, according to Robles et al, 67% uses CAM  with prayers (Robles et al., 2017), while the number of people who do not use CAM with prayers are 36% (NCAAM, n.d.). 

Reference

Eisenberg, D. M., Davis, R. B., Ettner, S. L., Appel, S., Wilkey, S., & Van Rompay, M. (1998). Trends in alternative medicine use in the United States, 1990–1997. Journal of the American Medical Association, 28, 1569–1575.

Falvo, D. (2011). Effective Patient Education: A Guide To Increased Adherence. Retrieved from https://viewer.gcu.edu/RQBKXW

Lazar, J. S., & O’Connor, B. B. (1997). Talking with patients about their use of alternative thera-pies. Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Primary Care, 24, 699–714.